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Coronavirus in Nepal: Overview, Symptoms, Precautions and Live Updates

The Nepali Government set up isolation wards at various locations and hospitals.
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Coronavirus in Nepal: Overview, Symptoms, Precautions and Live Updates

Coronaviruses are a large group of viruses that cause health issues ranging from mild headache and common cold to more severe illnesses such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

The most recently discovered coronavirus known as ‘Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2’ (SARS-CoV-2) causes ‘Coronavirus Disease 2019’ (COVID-19).

What is COVID-19?

COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered coronavirus and was first reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019.

What is COVID-19?

Since its inception, the coronavirus disease has spread to more than 190 countries, with the majority in USA, China, Spain, Germany, Italy, South Korea, and Iran.

Around 1,999,927 infection cases have been confirmed globally with around 126,741 death cases. (Updated on 15th April 2020)

[MUST READ: WHO Warns Nepal Over ‘Coronavirus’]

Coronavirus Quick Facts (as on 15 April 2020)

Coronavirus Quick Facts (as on 15 April 2020)

  • Confirmed Cases: 1,999,927
  • Deceased/Deaths: 126,741
  • Recovered: 483,501
  • United States 614,246 Cases / 26064 Deaths
  • Italy 162,488 Cases/ 21067 Deaths
  • Spain 174,060 Cases / 18255 Deaths
  • France 143,303 Cases / 15729 Deaths
  • Germany 132,210 Cases / 3495 Deaths
  • United Kingdom 33,718 Cases / 12107 Deaths
  • China: 82,295 Cases / 3342 Deaths
  • Turkey 65,111 Cases / 1403 Deaths
  • Belgium 31,119 Cases / 4157 Deaths
  • Switzerland 25,936 Cases / 1174 Deaths
  • Australia 6,440 Cases /63 Deaths
  • India 11,487 Cases / 393 Deaths
  • Nepal 16 Cases/ 0 Deaths

How does COVID-19 spread?

The COVID-19 virus is reported to have transmitted to humans by pigs, civets or snakes at Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan.

The disease can transmit from one person to another through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

A person can get COVID-19 by breathing in droplets from an infected. This may occur when the healthy person touches the surface or object that has the virus on it and then touch mouth, nose or eyes.

Symptoms of COVID-19?

The most common symptoms of the coronavirus disease are—

The most common symptoms of the coronavirus disease are

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nasal congestion
  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat
  • Diarrhea

These symptoms are usually mild and develop gradually. Around 1 of 6 infected people become seriously ill and develops pneumonia in both lungs, multi-organ failure and in some cases death.

People suffering from fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek immediate medical attention.


How to protect from COVID-19 infection?

One can easily reduce the chances of being infected or transmitting coronavirus infection by taking the following precautions.

How to protect from COVID-19 infection?

  • Wash your hands thoroughly and regularly with soap and water
  • Maintain at least 1m distance from anyone who is coughing or sneezing
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth
  • Wear face masks in public
  • Stay home when you are sick
  • Seek medical attention if you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue or elbow, then throw the tissue in the trash
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces
  • Self-isolate yourself if you have returned from the coronavirus infected country and seek medical advice promptly if you develop any symptoms

Coronavirus Situation Update in Nepal

Amid the growing fears of coronavirus outbreak across the world, the Nepali Government has been meticulously working to implement the best strategies to prevent the virus spread to the country.

So far, Nepal has reported only one coronavirus infection case. But the government has been implementing stringent measures as the country lacks the minimum healthcare facilities and procedures to combat the coronavirus infection if it enters the nation.

Nepali National Public Health Laboratory

The Nepali National Public Health Laboratory can test only 500 individuals for coronavirus infection in a week due to the lack of human resources and critical lab materials.

COVID-19 Preventive Measures by Nepal:

Likewise, the Nepali Government has decided to set up 120-bed ICU wards in the Kathmandu Valley.

The government plans to prepare 20 bedded ICU wards in the following hospitals:

  • Bir Hospital
  • Patan Hospital
  • Ayurvedic Teaching Hospital, Kritipur
  • Sukraraj Tropical and Infectious Disease Hospital, Teku
  • Nepal Armed Police Force Hospital, Satungal
  • Army Hospital, Chhauni

Moreover, the government has decided to establish 1000-bed isolation wards at seven hospitals in Kathmandu.

  • Army Barrack, Ichangunarayan – 250 beds
  • Nepal Electricity Authority Training Centre, Kharipati – 220 beds
  • Ayruvedic Teaching Hospital – 200 beds
  • Teku Hospital – 100 beds
  • Nepal Police and Armed Police Force hospitals – 100 beds
  • Patan Hospital – 70 beds
  • Kathmandu Upatyaka Khanepani Limited (KUKL) Training Centre, Telkot – 60 beds

Other major decisions-

Coronavirus Emergency

  • At least 100 ICU wards at the State and local level hospitals by the Ministry of Health and Population
  • Import 800 sets of Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) and 3,000 sets of diagnostic kits

Meanwhile, the Nepali Embassy in the UAE has decided to close its services starting from March 17, 2020 until further notice.

However, the essential services including travel documents, issuing NCO (No Objection Certificate) to send dead bodies to Nepal and renewing expired passports will continue.

Quarantine Locations:

The Nepali Government set up isolation wards at various locations and hospitals. They are as follows:

  • Kharipati quarantine centre
  • Gandaki Medical College
  • Charak Memorial Hospital
  • Green Pastures Hospital
  • Pokhara Academy of Health Science
  • Manipal Teaching Hospital International
  • Bhaktapur quarantine centre

Impact of COVID-19 on Nepal

The impact of coronavirus on Nepal is very daunting, especially when the nation is striving for economic progress through the ‘Visit Nepal Year 2020’ campaign.

  • Nepal has witnessed a 2% drop in the tourist arrivals in the first month of the tourism year 2020, despite promoting the campaign on the global stage
  • The Banke National Park has witnessed a sharp drop in the tourist arrivals
  • The trade movement restriction in China and India over coronavirus treat has severely affected Nepal’s inflation rate
  • The foreign tourist arrivals dropped by 90% since the coronavirus outbreak in China and 40% in last two weeks
  • Domestic airlines companies have reduced airfare by 50% to attract customers

Coronavirus Helpline in Nepal: ‘Just in Case’

The Nepali Government has introduced ‘Just in Case’ card with important phone numbers and email ids for COVID-19 concerns.

  • NTB Crisis Cell:  9851254666 / Email: crisiscell@ntb.org.np
  • COVID-19 Hotline: 9851255839 / 9851255837 / 9851255834
  • Tourist Police: 1144 / 104247041
  • Nepal Police: 100 / 014228435
  • Sukraraj Hospital (Teku): 014253396
  • Gandaki Hospital (Pokhara): 061520067

In Conclusion
NepaliSansar advices every Nepali in the country and abroad to take the necessary steps to protect themselves from the COVID-19 and support the government in every aspect.

Stay Tuned to NepaliSansar for the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak.

March 15, 2020 |

 
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