The world celebrates Labor Day on May 01, 2019, which marks the 130th International May Day. This year’s Labor Day theme is ‘Sustainable Pension for all: The Role of Social Partners’.
Labor Day holds a special significance in Nepal, especially when the government is making efforts to retain its labor force.
According to the International Labor Organization, the country contributes nearly 1.4 million laborers to the international job market per year.
Out of the 30 million South Asian workers that leave to the gulf and other foreign destinations, Nepali workers travel to destinations including Bangladesh, China, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka through India for foreign jobs.
In recent years, the flow of Nepali workers has shifted to Africa, Europe, Malaysia, Gulf and USA.
According to Nepal’s Central Bureau of Statistics, some seven million Nepalis are employed, of which two million are daily wage earners.
As per the National Planning Commission (NPC), over 500,000 workers enter Nepali labor market annually to look for jobs and unfortunately, only 150,000 of them find jobs in the internal labor market. The remaining workers are forced to look for jobs abroad.
According to government records, around 600,000 workers leave Nepal for foreign employment every year. Some 4.4 million youths left the country for foreign jobs between FY 2063-64 and FY 2075-76.
Nepali Migrants remittance contribution amounts to 29 percent of Nepal’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
The government has been constantly working to improve the situation of workers in Nepal.
Here are some of the major efforts made by the government to ensure that the Nepali workforce receives enough opportunities within the country.
अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय श्रमिक दिवसका अवसरमा सम्पूर्ण नेपाली दिदीवहिनी एवं दाजुभाइहरुमा हार्दिक शुभकामना व्यक्त गर्दछु । असल श्रम सम्बन्ध विकासका लागि हामीले योगदानमा आधारित सामाजिक सुरक्षा लागू गरेका छौं । स्वदेशमै आत्मसम्मानपूर्ण श्रमको अवसर सिर्जना गर्न सरकार क्रियाशील छ ।
— K P Sharma Oli (@kpsharmaoli) May 1, 2019
Let’s hope that the government is able to fulfill its vision of creating employment opportunities within the country.