Monday 26th September 2022

Nepal SC Passes Strict Orders to Protect Phewa Lake

Phewa lake shrunk to 4.25 sq km in 2001 from 10 sq km in 1961


Nepal SC Passes Strict Orders to Protect Phewa Lake

The Supreme Court has given six months for the government to remove structures built within 65 m from Phewa lake’s banks!

Additionally, the apex court also directed the government to build a check dam on the Harpan and other rivers that flow to the Phewa lake to control the situation, within three years.

The Supreme Court decision is a result of verdicts involving the Phew lake, following cases filed against the government by Advocate Khagendra Subedi and others.


Justices Om Prakash Mishra and Sapana Pradhan Malla delivered the verdicts for the aforementioned members on April 29, 2018.

‘Phewa Lake – A Source for Nepal’s Tourism’
SC said that the Phewa Lake, an exemplary Nepali tourist destination, is not only famous in the country but also abroad.  Hence, its conservation is important for both, surrounding residents and aquatic animals, birds and endangered species of flora & fauna.

However, it’s heartening that the lake shrunk to 4.25 in 2001 from 10 in 1961, informed the apex court.

The court also observed that Nepal as Waterfall Habitat of the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance is obligated to the lake’s conservation.

Phewa Lake – A Source for Nepal’s Tourism

The court has directed the government to conduct the following:

  • Determine four boundaries of Phew lake in six months, as demanded by the Lamichhane Committee
  • Investigate how much land of the Phew lake was encroached and take action to reclaim it
  • Declare Phew lake as ‘Protected Watershed Area’
  • Ensure that water from nearby drains do not enter the lake
  • Prohibit surrounding people from using chemical fertilizers and pesticides and control water hyacinth (spring-flowering bulbs)
  • Restrict people from constructing hotels and houses in nearby areas
  • Enlist the Phewa lake in World Heritage Sites

Phew Lake Cases

  • Advocate Subedi filed a case against Karna Shakya’s Park Village Waterfront Resort, whose final hearing is on December 20, 2018. He said that the resort was built illegally on the banks of the lake.
  • Advocate Bhagwati Pahari, along with others, filed a case against the government where SC disapproved the MoU signed by the government and Manakamana Darshan Pvt Ltd for a cable car. The car scheduled to run between Basundhara Park to Boudha Stupa of Raniban would have to pass through a wetland with endangered species.
  • Two cases filed by local residents against Pokhara Valley Development Authority seeks to lift the prohibition on sale and transfer of their land ownership. However, the court ruled the case in favor of the government, stating that it had to power to confiscate an individual’s land for Phewa lake’s conservation.

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